Robert Cialdini on Influence

13 May

According to psychologist Robert Cialdini, the six drivers of influence are:

social proof

How do you navigate these drivers within the three components of influence?

(“How to Harness Influence“)


Strength in Numbers: Motion Graphics

13 May

Here is a cool presentation called “Strength in Numbers” I believe it was done in Adobe After Effects, but I’m not certain. The movement in the presentation is fantastic.

Thoughts? How did movement create meaning, communication, or otherwise emphasize th message this organization was trying to communicate?

In Defense of Power Point

13 May

Here is an article from Business Week “In Defense of Powerpoint” (article link)

I think this would be great to read in combination with Edward Tuft’s critique of Powerpoint.

One Teacher Challenge

24 Apr

One challenge for this class involves teaching to both Mac and PC users. If your campus doesn’t have lots of Macs or a Mac lab this may prove difficult.

I think its important students know how to use iWork with both its Keynote and Pages software programs. These are in many respects industry standards and so students learning them can be helpful. Although, ultimately that is a judgment call each teacher has to make.

Scenario 1: No Mac Lab Time:
• Attempting to do something outside class times
• Creating an assignment based on learning the software
• Make software demos like Lynda freely available via DVD or online.

Scenario 2: A Tiny Minority of Current Mac Users
I don’t think this is really a challenge. I think explaining to the students why there is value in learning the software may be a slight challenge.

Problem Solving and Design Thinking Classroom Activity

22 Apr

Tom Wujec talks about the Marshmallow Challenge at TED. If you need the instructions for setting up the Marshmallow Challenge. I like the idea of doing this activity in two waves–especially if in the first wave most students don’t opt for the iterative design process:

This is a great activity for learning together.

Mini-skill sets for the presentation designer

12 Apr

1) Brainstorming
2) Researching (including finding content, quotes, and visuals)
3) Storyboarding
4) Visual communication principles (identify pictures for presentation)
5) Typography for communication
6) Integrating typography with design
7) Using color for communication (meaning & messaging, color matching, clarity)
8] Simplicity (words and white space and elimination)
9) Size/Emphasis
10) Picking Transitions
11) Developing themes (and creating title and chapter slides for presentations–including layout)
12) Visual communication of data
13) Making a story/making a case
14) Motion
15) Communications design and information design (symbols)
16) Technology of presenting
17) Technology of design/presentation creation
18) Learning (skill development and inspiration)
19) Giving and receiving feedback (portfolio style)

(could also look at the Presentation Ecosystem by Duarte)

My thoughts on design thinking

8 Apr

I ran across this article on about design thinking. Its worth reading and contemplating.

You can read more articles about what design thinking is and the value of design thinking at


Networks Role in Ideas that Spread

6 Apr

Interesting presentation on networks.

What did you learn about networks or communication from the presentation? What typography and design techniques do you see?

Presentation Design Aesthetics

3 Apr

There are probably an infinite number of approaches for creating presentation design…but here are a few:

1) Etsy/DIY/Flickr
2) Modern
3) Minimalist
4) Future meets past
5) Punk
6) Comics
7) Retro/Motion graphics style
8] Government/Official/Authoritative
9) Grunge/Distressed
10) Graffiti or Tattoo Inspired

Of course color palette, font, template/background, and choices can all effect and communicate the aesthetic you are attempting to recreate. Between Ffffound, Noupe, Flickr, and, you should be able to find something which inspires you.

Better, Stronger, Faster: Communication and Presentation Design

3 Apr

Bigger, Stronger, Faster: Fourteen Ways to Improve Your Presentation Design and Strategy

1) How can I make my case visually? (pictures, symbols, diagrams, colors, typography)
2) How can I make my case emotionally?
3) How can I make it with story? How can I make it more personal and more real–both in content and design?
4) How can I weave in cultural elements/references?
5) How can I adapt to their values/needs/interests/perspectives/assumptions?
6) How can I answer their holdups and objections?
7) How can I add data to prove my thesis? (how can I visualize that data to make it more real?)
8] How can I frame it–how can I make it a movement?
9) How can I add a theme?
10) How can I make my presentation more memorable? Can I add a work aid/visual aid to make the content more memorable? How can I make the images, stories, and lines of reasoning more memorable? How can I make them pop or talkable?
11) How can I make my presentation more two way or engaging?
12) How can I make the nonverbal communication (outside design) better?
13) How can I add the core elements of CRAP design?
14) How can I add clarity? How can I KISS this?

Classroom Activity: Brainstorm what matters most.

Classroom Activity: Apply this rubric for self-critiques and peer reviews. Each presentation is peer reviewed by 4 people. Print out this rubric as an aid to help students. (Hopefully I’ll have a print out of this designed and posted soon)

Classroom Activity: Look for other rubrics and speaker critiques/design critiques. Which elements are most important?

Taking Back Education: Personal and Professional Projects

3 Apr

My aim is to bring in (via Skype or otherwise) at least one designer in each of the major sectors of business life:

—Personal/Political/Advocacy Group/Social Change/Local or National Government/Nonprofit

Also, you will get to select your projects from each area.

Hopefully we can have them provide critiques as well (although obviously with a Skype that is a little more difficult–but we will try our best.)

Making Better Slide Designs for Block Quotes and Pull Quotes

3 Apr

I’ve run across two pretty decent articles on making better pull quotes which I will recommend:
1) Block Quotes and Pull Quotes Best Practices at Smashing Magazine.
2) Pullquote Design Showcase at Smily Cat Design.

Note: the intent is not to read these articles word for word, but scan for a design you like.

Short Classroom Activity: Pick your favorite 2 or 3 pull quote examples from the each article.

Optional Classroom Activity: Which quote example do you like best from Slide:ology (p. 109, p.140, p, 190, p. 224-225, p.242) Unfortunately, none of them use a script based font.

Also remember to check out color, typography, font size, and background as methods to improve your slide design.

Audience Analysis Questionaire

3 Apr

I think Duartes seven questions for audience analysis are pretty brilliant. Here are “Seven Questions to Knowing Your Audience” which are located on page 15 of Slideology:

1) What are they like?
2) Why are they here?
3) What keeps them up at night?
4) How can you solve their problem?
5) What do you want them to do?
6) How might they resist?
7) How can you best reach them?

Activity: Apply these audience analysis questions for an upcoming presentation (Optional: you could also choose a presentation you’ve seen or created in the past if an upcoming presentation doesn’t come to mind). Brainstorm answers to each question. Focus your brainstorms into edited answers. (you could use any number of creative methods including visual thinking to free writing)

Class Discussion: Which questions are most important? Most valuable? Which are hardest to answer? Any other observations about this method?

Hopefully I can develop this into a form for easier use later. (As always, I’ve included these questions under fair use and educational use.)

Skip Prichard on the Future of Publishing

1 Apr

Skip Prichard of the Ingram Content Group on the Future of Publishing: “Are Ebooks Dead?”

Watch the first 10 minutes of this presentation and reflect on the questions below.

Overall thoughts? What format did Skip Prichard use? What are your thoughts on the presentation design? How about the presentation themeing?

You might also check out Nick Bilton of the NYT on Smart Content at the Pop Tech Conference. How was his design different? Did it work (typography, design, and other elements)? What did you like/not like? How would you change it? What design theme did he draw on?

You are a Natural Born (Visual) Storyteller

27 Mar

Here is a webinar presentation expert and author Nancy Duarte did for O’Reilly:

(her talk at Viz Think is relatively similar and the audio for the Viz Think webinar is probably slightly better)

TED Talks Presentation Design Critiques by Career Choice

21 Mar

TED Talks Categorized by Career Path

Check out video appropriate to your career field or industry. Point to 3 to 7 things the speaker does well. Try to point out at least two areas of improvement. Share your answers with your small group and the class. (Note: if you have seen this video, you are free to pick another)

This list isn’t extensive–its just the tip of the iceberg….I thought it might help identify the “right” path forward.

Art and Design
Tim Kelly of IDEO at TED on Design Thinking:

Business and Marketing

Computer Programming

Counseling and Special Education

Creativity and Content

Criminal Justice

Education and Play

(you may also want to check out the presentations on social innovation in education)

Economics and Psychology


Human Resources and Psychology

(or check out this TED talk on Flow, Motivation, and Creativity or this one on Passion or this one by Tony Robbins on Motivation)

Green Technology and Design


(also Four Ways to Fix a Broken Legal System)

International Development

Information Technology
TED Talk on Game Design

Journalism or Publishing
Can Design Save the Newspapers

(or check out Goodbye textbooks)


(also Four Ways to Fix a Broken Legal System)

Manufacturing, Agriculture, and TV/Entertainment
Mike Rowe on Dirty Jobs

Math, Statistics, and Data Management

Movies, Video, and Cinema

Nonprofit Management
You are the future of philanthropy

Jamie Oliver’s Food Revolution (I’m a huge fan of this presentation)

(Dean Ornish’s ted talk is far abreviated on what we eat)

Philosophy and Psychology
Dan Ariely on Why We think its ok to cheat


Public Health

Science and Engineering
Michael Pritchard on Lifesaver bottle for clean water, disasters, and decentralization.

Social Entrepreneurship


Hopefully you can develop a little wiser from watching a TED Talk. If I’ve left a particular career off the list, feel free to suggest a career or a TED talk in the comments section. Thanks.

Every Problem is an Opportunity.

20 Mar

Every problem is indeed an opportunity. Tina Seelig, who is the executive director at the Stanford GSB, gave this fantastic talk on entrepreneurship.

Here is another great video about her work at the Stanford GSB.

Tina’s recent book “What I Wish When I Was Twenty” is quite good and draws on some of the themes she develops during the GSB talk.

Lessons learned? Why is this relevant?

Research: The Business Value of Visualization

20 Mar

Presentation Design Tools

19 Mar

Five key presentation development and design tools
1) Powerpoint
2) Keynote (Mac only)
3) Prezi
4) Sliderocket
5) Google Docs

Optional Graphic Design Tools:
1) Powerpoint or Elements
2) Pages (Mac only)
3) Piknic, Sumo Paint, and other online

Also social bookmarking, social networking, and search tools like….
1) Delicious
2) Twitter search
3) Linked in
4) Ning

Optional activity:
1) 25 minutes exploring Prezi.
2) Discuss
3) Here is an example of a fantastic use of Prezi.
4) What do you think of this presentation design? Would you change anything? What other applications can you see for Prezi?

7 Ways to help make the transition from college to career

19 Mar

Finding your way to a career in communication

1) Engage professionals in your chosen field
2) Be published in your field or in an area of your interest
3) Internship in your field. Even an internship in a midrange company can be incredibly helpful for securing jobs and making contacts. (Outside an internship, pick work in organizations which mirror the responsibilites you want to have in the future.)
4) Volunteer work in your filed (formal or informal)
5) Develop a portfolio of projects in your field. Store your portfolio in 2 places (one for backup)
6) Engagement with organizations, events, trends, and publications in your field
7) Networking in your field in the real world and/or online (for instance Linked In and Twitter)

Start developing skill sets in communication, creative, and content related areas.

Visual Facilitation and Reporting

19 Mar

Very cool video from Pop Tech on visual reporting.


Instead of doing critiques…for some presentations….perhaps students could do visual reporting to exercise their visual thinking skills.

Metaphorically Speaking TED Talk

19 Mar

When to Focus Time and Resources on Presentation Design?

18 Mar

From the Garr Reynolds Posterous blog. (Author of Presentation Zen)

Beyond Presentation Design Syllabus

18 Mar

Introduction to Presentation Design

This syllabus is in beta (its under construction–in fact its still in the brainstorming stage), however its an attempt to move public speaking classes in a dramatically more enjoyable, interesting, engaging, relevant, and useful way. Its primarily design for those in the arts and sciences curriculum–but has direct application to business as well.

At the moment, the class involves high expectations and a fairly moderate amount of work outside class.

Class materials:

• Your brain
• Your passion
• Your respect
• Pencil and paper
• Slideology by Nancy Duarte (available on Amazon)
• An account on Google, delicious, and
• Optional reading: Garr Reynolds on Presentation Zen, alltop blogs on public speaking)
• Optional viewing: Nancy Duarte Webinar for Viz Think
• Other optional viewing: Lynda instruction on use of Keynote and presentation design–available for 2 week block)

Fifteen Things You Get out of This Class (if you put in the time and effort):
(aka Whats in it For Me?)

• Public Speaking Skills
• Persuasion Skills
• Presentation Design Skills (including design principles)
• Design thinking Skills
• Teamwork and Project Skills
• Brainstorming and Creativity Skills
• Analysis, Critical Thinking, and Problem Solving Skills
• Research Skills
• Knowledge Management skills
• Technology Skills (Powerpoint, Elements/Photoshop, Keynote, and Web 2.0 tools)
• Coordination, Productivity, and Workflow skills
• Developing expertise and learning how to learn skills
• 21st century skills (asking the “right” questions, etc.)
• Strategic perspective about how ideas interact
• Organization and Prioritization
• Planning, priority, and goal setting skills
• Other Career and Business Skills developed through the projects (Strategic perspective and understanding how models and systems work)
• Helping identify your strengths (as future employee or business)
• Portfolio Development
• Project based experience
• Fun and engaging activities which aren’t grounded in tests and memorization (80% of your grade is not based in memorizing the textbook or lectures in typical “read by wrote” function)

In short helping you create a more productive life in college and overall a healthier career arch as you move forward into professional life.

Presentation Design Week 1: Intros and Introductory Narrative Speeches
• Introduction to Public Speaking/Presentation Design. (3 minute Death by Powerpoint video, short TED Talk (optional) the 3 minute TED talk on success is fantastic, Nancy Duarte video) The text of the Nancy Duarte video is available in Chapter 12 of the book (it may also be available online)
• Why visual design? Why presentation design?
• Introduction to the Presentation Design landscape (the Duarte diagram)
• Classroom rules activity (7 minutes in groups, 5 minutes presentation)
• Introduction to principles of communication and visual design. (What makes good design?)
• Pair share-introduction activity
• Personal interest inventory, including major and career goals
• Assignment: Introductory Narrative/Story Presentation Assignment with visual aid

Day 2:
• Introductory Story Presentation Assignment with visual aid (2 to 4 minutes)

Presentation Design Week 2:
Day 1:
• TED Talks. Discuss design features and communication features which work. Discuss any which didn’t work. (Teacher Facilitates) (25 minutes)
• Pick a TED talk activity and evaluate its content and design (25 minutes)
• Pair share about your findings on your TED talk (7 minutes)
• Group discussion about TED talk (7 minutes)
• Assignment:
research on brainstorming methods. read two articles on brainstorming and creativity.
read chapter 2
summarize your findings in 1/2 to page.

Day 2: The Wonderful World of Brainstorming
Class Discussion: What is creativity? Purpose of brainstorming? Innovation vs. creativity? The importance of creativity. The challenges and limits of creativity. Who defines creativity? How can we study creativity?
Class Discussion: Brainstorming techniques you found and/or have used
Instruction: Methods
Class Activity: Brainstorming in groups of 3 to 4 (using 3 different methods)
Class Activity: Optional (Post it notes and Mind map activity combined into one in stages–use post it notes to create a viable sketch of a mindmap)
Class Activity: Reflection on brainstorming activity
Class Discussion: How can you resolve group disputes? How can you balance diversity and the need to create a final product? (could reference or read: Dysfunctions of a Team)

Presentation Design Week 3: High Tech Skills for High Tech Times
Day I:
Powerpoint Skills 20 minutes (If you have time, you might include some of these powerpoint tricks and tips–although it might be better to save them for a later refresh)
• 30 to 40 minute activity: Turn your using creative commons or cited images from Google images or Flickr search.
• Optional Outside Class: How to Use Keynote and Advanced Keynote skills

Day 2:
• Classroom activity (30 minutes): Present your new presentations in small group. (this creates a technological difficulty–unless a computer room is available or you have students with plentiful laptops who are willing to share.)
• Critiques and recommendations based on class rubric (soon to be available on website)
• Classroom discussion: what else can you use powerpoint for?

Presentation Design Week 5: Discovery, Learning, and Research
Day 1:
• Creating a Personal Learning Management System
• Principles of Learning (constructivism and Blooms Taxonomy)
• Classroom discussion: what have you found in learning? In speaking?
Day 2:
• Principles of Memory (include Brain Rules principles, videos, and/or presentation)
• Classroom discussion: what have you found?
• Principles of Motivation
• Activities on all 3 (the memory and motivation activities can involve discovery of the science and punditry of memory and motivation)

Presentation Design Week 6: Typography and Color (Chapter 7)
Explorations of Typography
Explorations of Color
10 minute review of Project Assignment
10 minute review of principles we’ve talked about (brainstorm, pair share, and group activity)

Presentation Design Week 7: Project Week (one week before midterms in other classes)
Project Week-requires group meetings with other students in class.
Group meetings each day with teacher.

Outside activity: One hour and 30 minute delivery of presentations (Justification: this isn’t unusual given the time spent in a traditional class studying and preparing for midterms–or writing essays for classes which also have multiple choice tests)

Presentation Design Week 8: Design Layout and Data (Chapter 3 and Chapter 4)
Explorations on Layout
Explorations on Diagrams and Displaying Data (focus on diagrams) (mention of the new science of data and the role of data in organizations and feedback)

Presentation Design Week 9: Case Studies, Examples, and Presentation Zen
Metaphors and Stories
Presentation Zen (simplicity)
Thinking Like a Designer
(if a chapter of presentation zen is available online–I may assign that)

Presentation Design Week 10:
How do you interview an expert? How do you do an interview like a journalist?
Design Hacks and Pointers
Activity: Pick 3 presentations on and look at the design elements. (Teacher can specify they come from a pool of 3 or 4 designers–for instance Garr Reynolds or have a certain number of hits)
Activity: Explorations of Garrs Blog. Explorations on delicious (group assignments)
Activity: Summarize your findings in a powerpoint presentation

Outside speaker critique due on thursday

Presentation Design Week 11:
Nonverbal skills
Hand out design
Marketing your skills

Presentation Design Week 14:
Classroom debates

Presentation Design Week 13 and Beyond:

1) Project based learning & development of portfolios and experience
2) Interviews with designers and freelancers (live and via Skype)

I have 2 to 4 different versions of this syllabus floating around this website. This is the only one to date, which has a formalized presentation design textbook–the others use a traditional public speaking textbook. However, the activities are just as relevant.

Future Presentation Design weeks to focus on……Expertise and thought leadership. Thought leadership marketing. Professional services firms. Consulting. (hopefully we can interview 2 or 3 people via Skype of live action) Reflection on the interviews and insights gained. Ideas from Ericsson on expertise and deliberative practice and Seth Godin on extraordinary and indispensible.

Consider having an out of class activity on the subject of professional service firms.
Also consider implementing more one on one portfolio review.

Speech critique rubric to come (at the moment–I’m using an outside speaker critique form I found on Google–I’m not sure if this is suitable for peer critiques, however. I think it may be too extensive and specific.)

As I redesign this document in future drafts, I plan on perhaps using this Instructional Design syllabus from George Mason as a model (at the very least for the one page presentation of what the course involves).

If you have activities, resources, research, insight feel free to leave a note in the comments section. (I’m thinking about changing the nature of the outside speaker critique, because most speakers outside won’t be using powerpoint decks–which seems to run outside one focus of the class. I would change it by assigning an outside speaker critique based on TED talks or another speech available online at least 7 minutes in length)

Handouts Compiled:
The Presentation Landscape (Nancy Duarte)
Outside Speaker Critique Model

Possible Challenges for Teachers Teaching Presentation Design:

1) Logistics from a technical perspective
2) Time–how long with the students to do assignments
3) Adding a story element to the discussions and instruction (perhaps just by embedding a scenario and feedback)
4) Adding visual elements on a budget (of course iStockphoto, creative commons, and flickr are great here)
5) Focus–what skills will students walk away with? (not being overwhelming in content delivery). For instance, if you look at the presentation design landscape (a per Duarte), there are perhaps too many areas to focus on–much less be able to do activities on each and everyone of them. Perhaps that just allows room for a second class.
6) Encouraging students and making the class engaging
7) What are the types of output I need from the students to make the experience fun and practical.
8] Adapting to the needs of the diversity of students (teachers, lawyers, health professionals, marketing, management, etc.) Knowing the skills which will be most relevant
9) Technical constraints like availability of internet, laptops, and computers
10) Some degree of focus on the everydayness of presentations
11) Creating my own design aesthetic
12) Integrating the web appropriate out of class

Reading, Thinking, and Learning for Fun and Profit

17 Mar

Here are a couple of interesting articles

1) 8 Essential Things They Don’t Teach You in School.

2) We Learn from Stories and Experience by Garr Reynolds (references a podcast by De Grasse that looks like its worth checking out)

3) Getting Things Done FAQ on Zen Habits (if this article isn’t helpful for you, check out other available GTD articles online)

4) TBD: Fundamentals of design thinking

5) TBD: Fundamentals of design

6) TBD: Business Book summaries

7) TBD: Yet another article on creativity

8] TBD: Yet another article on expertise

9) TBD: Yet another article on goal setting, accountability, and productivity

10) TBD: Constant Beta/Rapid Prototyping

11) Learning How to Learn by creating a personal learning network and professional certification. (See also informal learning and social learning)

12) Mindtools is an interesting problem solving and creativity resource.

Honorable Mention: Spiral Learning Diagram

More to come…..

Feel free to leave any relevant suggestions on classic articles about learning, life, careers, presentation, design, or communication.

The Pursuit of Expertise and Excellence

16 Mar

Part I. Nature vs. Nurture:

Is this discussion relevant? What suggests that one is more important than the other? Are their case studies or examples of either trend you can identify?

Part II. Deliberative Practice, Expertise, and Genius

Geoffry Colvin on What it Takes to Be Great

David Shenk on Where Does Persistence Come From?

Ericsson on “Expert performance–its structure and acquisition” Originally published in American Psychologist in August of 1994

Kathy Sierra on How to Become an Expert

Wise Bread on How to Become an Expert

Classroom Activity:
TBA beyond reading, analysis, and class discussion.

Could have students do a brainstorm about the first topic followed by a critical reading or freewrite on their pick of 3 of 5 of the suggested articles.

Articles on Cultural Trends for Context

15 Mar

This is an interesting article on digital culture. I hope to add one about remix culture as well.

Public Speaking Videos

10 Mar

Public Speaking Videos

Links and prioritization to be added later…….

Public Speaking Examples

1) Steve Jobs Graduation Speech
2) Inspiring Speech by Conductor Ben Zander
3) Love Wins Graduation Speech (Inspired by Rob Bell)
4) Do You Believe in Me by Dalton Sherman
5) The Girl Who Silenced the World for 5 Minutes
6) Hans Rosling on Data Visualization
7) Guy Kawasaki on Powerpoint
8] David Rose on Pitching and Presentations
9) Success Video from TED
10) Dan Pink on Petcha Kutcha
11) Seth Godin on the Tribes We Lead
12) Jacqueline Novogratz on Solving Poverty with “Patient Capital”
13) Dick Hardt on Identity 2.0

Public Speaking Videos from Stanford University
1) David Kelly
2) Tom Kelley
3) Tina Seelig

Examples for Metaphors We Live By

1) Hearding Cats
2) Soccer by Monty Python

Movie Speeches

1) Inspirational Speeches from Movies in 2 Minutes
2) Miracle: Herb Brooks PreGame Speech by a 4 Year Old

Other Communication Videos

1) Nancy Duarte on Presentation Design
2) Dan Roam on the Back of the Napkin
3) Death by Powerpoint
4) Garr Reynolds on Presentation Design
5) Paul Rand on Communications Design

For more public speaking videos check out TED Talks Videos (Ted Talks also available at YouTube)

My Personal Top 10 Public Speaking Videos

1) Love Wins
2) Steve Jobs Graduation Speech
3) Success
4) Jacqueline Novogratz on Patient Capital
5) Nancy Duarte on Presentation Design
6) Death by Powerpoint
7) Garr Reynolds on Presentation Design
8] David Kelly and Tom Kelly (Tie)
9) Tina Seelig
10) Dan Pink on Petcha Kutcha
11) Inspirational Movie Speeches in 2 Minutes
12) Brain Rules by John Medina (short video series)

Feel free to suggestion public speaking video examples in the comments section.

Paul Rand on Communications Design

10 Mar

Nonverbal Communication Classroom Activity

7 Mar

Part I: Charades (or some permutation or combination). Could be pop culture or based on class learning materials.

Part II. Students are given scenarios on slips of paper. (Materials: cup and 15 to 30 slips of paper. You can do multiple rounds if everyone gives the slips back or you can print multiple batches of the same scenario). Students in groups of two are instructed to use non verbal communication to play out the discussion.

Part III. Processing and Reflection

Part IV. Video of television shows without the sound. Students try to interpret what is going on based on nonverbals of the characters (try to provide a variety of genres). (This one could be done in a group with one television or via YouTube with either preselected videos or videos the student select–although the later would obviously take valuable class time)

Part V. Public speakers and nonverbal communication. Turn volume down and students try to interpret what is going on based on nonverbals of the speaker.

Part VI. Processing and Reflection

Part VII. Internet scavenger hunt based on nonverbal communication.

Part VIII. Could wrap up with instructional on nonverbal communication